Interview as an approach of gathering information: strategy of questions
It is crucial to distinguish interviews as a technique of collecting information and interviewing as being a genre. In the first case, meeting, that is, interaction with individuals, is one of 3 ways to acquire information by a researcher. Two alternative methods are:
- observation, as soon as the researcher himself is definitely an eyewitness of this occasion,
- working together with documents, where in actuality the document means any product carrier containing texts and pictures.
Kinds of interviews and their function
Interviews as a way of data gathering in turn are divided into:
- genre (for preparation of text within the genre of interview),
- investigative (for information),
- reportage (to recognize the faculties of an individual, then to mirror them within the text).
The reportage interview had been discussed within the previous chapter. Concerning the investigative will find out within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is interview as being a genre, as a real means of text formatting by means of questions from a interviewer therefore the responses associated with interlocutor. In the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in actuality the wide range of questions associated with researcher is minimized (often they are no at all), during the other pole – a discussion, as soon as the journalist not just asks concerns, but also talks much with long arguments.
The fact the meeting is a discussion, indicates in regards to the same number of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion may be carried out by a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so the opinion of the journalist ended up being also interesting to readers, since the opinion regarding the interlocutor. If a regular journalist speaks the maximum amount of or higher in an meeting being an interlocutor, this will be a indication of insufficient certification.
Kinds of interviews with regards to the subject. Topic meeting
According to the topic, you will find three types of interviews:
Subject of the topic interview is their state of things in every field of activity. Often this really is an interview with a professional, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting into the journalist exactly as much as he could be associated with this continuing state of affairs. As an example, a police officer informs how exactly to protect a flat from thieves. The physician describes how exactly to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The financial consultant makes a forecast just how long the crisis will undoubtedly be from the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate from the meeting subject, nor the private life of the interlocutor is of great interest.
The dwelling associated with interview that is subject of three parts. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s connection with this issue. Then there is certainly a parsing regarding the topic for the true purpose of its presentation, clarification and assessment. The interview that is subject because of the streamlining of that which was said, summarizing, practical suggestions to readers.
The hero for the interview that is subject also be an eyewitness or participant in case. This can be information meeting, one of many news genres. The job affordablepapers biz of the journalist would be to learn whenever you can the information and details of what took place. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.